How to Grow Arugula: The Ultimate Guide

How to Grow Arugula: The Ultimate Guide

Arugula is a leafy green vegetable that has a peppery flavor. It is a popular ingredient in salads and can also be used in cooked dishes. If you are looking to add arugula to your garden, this guide will show you how to grow it successfully.

Arugula is relatively easy to grow and does not require much maintenance. However, there are a few things to keep in mind when growing arugula. First, arugula prefers cool weather and should be planted in the spring or fall. Second, arugula needs well-drained soil and should be watered regularly. Third, arugula can be susceptible to pests and diseases, so it is important to keep an eye out for these problems. Finally, arugula is ready to harvest when the leaves are about 4 inches long.

With just a little bit of care, you can easily grow delicious arugula at home!


Arugula: The Ultimate Guide.

Arugula is a leafy green vegetable that belongs to the mustard family. It is also known as rocket salad or roquette. Arugula is native to the Mediterranean region and has been cultivated since Roman times. The leaves are oblong and have a pungent, peppery flavor. Arugula is rich in vitamins A and C, iron, calcium, and potassium. It is often used in salads, sandwiches, pastas, pizzas, and soups.

History of Arugula.

Arugula has been cultivated since Roman times and was even mentioned in Pliny the Elder’s Natural History written in the 1st century AD. The Romans believed that arugula could be used as an aphrodisiac and it was often included in love potions! In the Middle Ages, arugula was used as a medicinal herb to treat digestive problems and skin diseases. It wasn’t until the 16th century that arugula began to be used as a food ingredient in Italy. By the 18th century, arugula had become popular in France where it was known as “salad rocket.” In America, arugula was first grown on a commercial scale in California in the 1980s.

How to Grow Arugula.

Arugula is a cool weather crop that can be grown year-round in mild climates. It prefers full sun but will tolerate partial shade. The soil should be well-drained and rich in organic matter. Arugula can be direct seeded or started indoors in flats or pots 4-6 weeks before the last frost date. Seedlings should be transplanted into the garden when they are 4-6 inches tall spacing them 12 inches apart in rows 18 inches apart. Water regularly so that the soil stays moist but not soggy especially during hot weather when flowering begins as this will reduce bitterness levels in the leaves . Harvesting can begin when leaves are 2-3 inches long by snipping them off with scissors leaving about an inch of stem attached . Arugula will continue to produce new leaves for several weeks if harvest is done regularly .

Arugula Recipes.

Arugula can be used in a variety of recipes both cooked and raw. Here are some ideas:

-Add fresh arugula to salads for a peppery flavor

-Make a pesto with arugula, nuts, and Parmesan cheese

-Sauté arugula with garlic and olive oil

-Top pizzas or flatbreads with arugula and other favorite toppings

-Add arugula to sandwiches or wraps

-Make a healthy and flavorful arugula salad


What is Arugula.

Health Benefits of Arugula.What Does Arugula Taste Like.

Arugula, also known as Eruca sativa, is a leafy green vegetable that belongs to the Brassica family. This cruciferous vegetable is native to the Mediterranean region and has been used in traditional medicine for centuries. The nutritional value of arugula is impressive, and it is a good source of vitamins A, C, and K, as well as minerals like iron and calcium. Health benefits of arugula include its ability to improve digestion, lower cholesterol levels, prevent certain types of cancer, and boost immune system function. It should be noted that arugula can sometimes cause allergic reactions in some people. As for its taste, arugula has a peppery flavor that is often described as being similar to radishes or mustards.

History of Arugula.

Arugula is a leafy green vegetable that is part of the brassica family, which also includes broccoli, cabbage, and kale. The plant is native to the Mediterranean region and has been cultivated there for thousands of years. The first recorded use of arugula was in a 1st-century AD cookbook from Rome.

How Arugula Made its Way to Europe and America.

Arugula was brought to Europe by Roman soldiers who had tasted it in the Middle East and liked it so much they brought seeds back with them. The plant became popular in Italy and other Mediterranean countries, where it was used as a salad green and an herb. It wasn’t until the 18th century that arugula made its way to America, where it was introduced by European immigrants.

Today, arugula is grown all over the world and is a popular ingredient in salads, pasta dishes, pizzas, and more.

How to Grow Arugula.

Arugula grows best in cooler weather and can be planted as early as two weeks before the last frost date in your area. It prefers full sun but will tolerate partial shade, especially in hot summer climates. Arugula is a fast-growing crop that matures in about 30 days from seed.

How to Plant Arugula.

You can direct sow arugula seeds outdoors or start them indoors in pots about four weeks before your last frost date. To sow seeds outdoors, simply scatter them on the ground and lightly rake them into the soil. For indoor planting, fill pots with potting mix and sprinkle seeds on the surface of the soil. Cover with a thin layer of potting mix or vermiculite and water well. Place the pots in a sunny spot and keep the soil moist until seedlings emerge in 7-10 days.

How to Care for Arugula.

Once plants are established, water regularly to keep the soil moist but not soggy. Fertilize monthly with a balanced fertilizer such as 10-10-10 if plants are growing slowly or seem stunted. To encourage continuous production of leaves, pinch back flower stalks as they appear.

Arugula Pests and Diseases

Arugula is relatively pest and disease free, but flea beetles can be a problem, especially when plants are young. These tiny black beetles jump when disturbed and feed on plant foliage, causing small holes in leaves. To prevent damage, cover young plants with floating row covers until they mature enough to withstand beetle attacks. Another potential problem is root rot, which can be caused by overwatering or planting in poorly-drained soil. To avoid this, make sure your arugula plants have good drainage and water only when the soil is dry to the touch.

How to Harvest Arugula.

You can begin harvesting arugula leaves about 30 days after planting. Simply cut or pinch leaves off at the base of the plant. For a continuous supply of leaves, keep harvesting regularly throughout the growing season. Arugula will bolt (go to seed) in hot weather, so be sure to plant succession crops every few weeks to extend the harvest season.


How to grow arugula from seeds

Starting Arugula Seeds Indoors.

To start arugula seeds indoors, fill a planting tray or pot with a quality seed starting mix and lightly moisten the mix. Sow the arugula seeds on the surface of the soil, spacing them about ½ inch apart. Gently press the seeds into the soil but do not cover them. Place the tray or pot in a warm location with bright indirect light and keep the soil moist but not soggy wet. The arugula seeds will germinate in 7-14 days. Once they have germinated, move them to a sunny location.

Transplanting Arugula Seedlings Outdoors

When transplanting arugula seedlings outdoors, choose a sunny location with well-drained soil. Space the seedlings about 6 inches apart in rows that are 12 inches apart. Water thoroughly after transplanting and keep the soil moist during the growing season. Mulch around the plants to help retain moisture and control weeds.

Direct Seeding Arugula Outdoors

Arugula can also be direct seeded outdoors in late spring after all danger of frost has passed and the soil has warmed up. To direct seed, simply prepare the planting bed as described above, then sow the arugula seeds ¼ inch deep in rows that are 12 inches apart. Keep the soil moist until germination occurs, then thin out the seedlings so that they are spaced 6 inches apart within each row. Water regularly throughout the growing season and mulch as needed.

In conclusion, growing arugula from seeds is relatively easy to do whether you start them indoors or direct seed outdoors. Just be sure to provide the plants with full sun, well-drained soil, and consistent moisture throughout the growing season.

Questions and answers about growing arugula

Yes, you can grow arugula in a container. It is best to use a deep pot so the roots have room to grow. Be sure to water regularly and fertilize every few weeks.

When to plant arugula in NC

You can plant arugula in NC as early as February or March. Arugula is a cool-weather crop, so it does not do well in the heat of summer.

How to grow arugula outdoors

To grow arugula outdoors, sow the seeds in rows about 12 inches apart. Thin the seedlings so they are about 6 inches apart. Arugula prefers full sun but will tolerate partial shade. Be sure to keep the soil moist by watering regularly.

When to plant arugula zone 5

In zone 5, you can plant arugula from early spring to late summer. Arugula is a cool-weather crop, so it does not do well in the heat of summer.

When to plant arugula in colorado

You can plant arugula in Colorado from early spring to late summer. Arugula is a cool-weather crop, so it does not do well in the heat of summer.



Arugula is a nutrient-rich, flavorful leafy green that is easy to grow. With just a few simple tips, you can enjoy fresh arugula right from your own garden. Arugula is a versatile ingredient that can be used in many different recipes, so get creative and experiment with this healthy vegetable.

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